Zika virus: What is it? Symptoms, prevention, Treatment

People in this world are posing many health issues and different serious viruses which are providing harms to the human beings and also to the animals. Moreover, in this world with the development in the human brains, discoveries are often unlocking the conditions and seriousness of the various deceases and viruses, against which many time people need to gather together and fight simultaneously. This situation has already been occurred in relation to the cases of many deceases and viruses, like HIV/ AIDS, Cancer, etc. And now a day, as per experts’ research and ongoing circumstances, there is a major threat to the human community on this earths by the most terrifying Zika virus. As per experts’ analysis and meaning to this term, this Zika Virus (ZIKV) is a member of the virus family flaviviridae and the genus Flavivirus, which is transmitted by daytime- active Aedes mosquitoes. The name Zika Virus is brought from the Zika Forest of Uganda, where this virus was first isolated in the year 1947.

In so far as, the attraction of this virus to the human bodies, it is causing a usually mild illness known as Zika fever. And this Zika fever has been known since the 1950s as occur within a narrow equatorial belt from Africa to Asia. Then, in the year 2014 this virus was seemed to have been spread eastward across the Pacific Ocean to French Polynesia and thereafter to Easter Island. Moreover, it was also seemed to have been spread in the year 2015, to Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean and South America, where this Zika outbreak has reached pandemic levels. Moreover, this Zika Virus is related to dengue, Japanese encephalitis, yellow fever and West Nile Viruses. And its illness causes is similar to a mild form of dengue fever is treated by rest.

(See related video on Zika Virus Outbreak)

It was recently noted by BBC in its news article of 1st day of February, 2016, that a disease linked to the Zika virus in Latin America poses a global public health emergency requiring a united response, as said by World’s top Health related body, WHO (World Health Organization). BBC further noted that this virus is spreading far and fast and as such the experts seemed worried with its devastating consequences. Further, the link between the cases of microcephaly and the infections causes with this virus was found. And as such, in these cases the infections can be transmitted from mother to child and the babies are born with underdeveloped brains. And due to its serious consequences, this dangerous virus is put by WHO alert in the same category of concern as Ebola. And thus, the research and aid in relation to this issue and major threat to human community will be fast- tracked to tackle the infection. The virus is has entered in the lives of the people of the many countries from around the entire globe, and as such, there can be seen nearly 20 countries in this world are facing major disasters in their populations’ cases. Even in Brazil alone since October, there have been around Four Thousand cases of Microcephaly seen.

Moreover, in so far as its symptoms and circumstances are concerned, as said herein above, this virus is related to dengue, Japanese encephalitis, Yellow fever and West Nile viruses. And as per experts this virus is causing illness similar to a mild form of dengue fever. In its symptoms, this virus may appear infect to the people with Fever, Rash, Conjunctivitis (red eyes) and joint pain. This virus is transmitted through blood, however, it is an infrequent mechanism. This virus has also been isolated in semen, but person- to- person sexual transmission is unconfirmed.

As such, the most important factor behind this issue is notably, that there is no vaccine or drug treatment available for treating the victims of this virus’s infections, so patients are advised to rest and drink plenty of fluids. Moreover, for the protection, the people are requested to reduce the risk of being bitten by the concerned mosquito. Moreover, the Health Officials advise people to use insect repellents, cover up with long sleeved clothes and keep windows and doors closed. So the better protection and for fighting against this issue, people need to stay safe adopting guidelines provided by the health consultants.