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Cabbage- The Leafy Vegetable With Enriched Nutrients.
There are various kinds of vegetables available in the world that is enriched with many vital qualities. Leafy vegetables are rich in all nutrients that are essential for the proper body functions and health. Cabbage is the leafy part arranged in circular pattern that is most widely used as vegetable in many parts of the world. Different variety color cabbages are seen in many parts of the world. Four colors of cabbages are mostly available. The green or Dutch white cabbage is the popular variety used in many parts of the world. Red or purple, Savoy cabbage, and Wombok or Chinese cabbage is the other popular variants. It is classified in the family of Brassica oleracea that has close similarity to the cole crops or broccoli, cauliflower and Brussels sprouts. The origin of cabbage is traced long back to the history of early centuries. It is believed from the historical evidence that cabbage originated in the European continent even before 1000BC. During the middle of the 15th and the 16th century it became an indispensable part in the European cuisine. In ancient Greece, Russia and Rome it was used for medicinal purpose for curing various internal and external ailments that affected the bodily functions.
Cabbages are used in several culinary purposes in different parts of the world. In many cold countries like Russia and Siberia cabbage in brine is used for maintaining the body temperature heat. Travelers, voyagers and migrants from the European continent introduced the vegetables in many parts of the world. Soon cabbage was used in different countries cuisines with regional variations in preparations. It is most commonly used in salads in cooked and raw forms. Coleslaw is one of the popular salads in several European dishes. It is also used as curries, sandwiches and pickles added along with spices, other vegetables, meat, poultry and seafood. Deep fried snacks, burgers, and baked cabbage rolls are some of the most widely used cabbage dishes in the world. It is commonly added in noodles, pastas and rice. It is used in the skin care and cosmetic industry as a good cleanser and nourisher for promoting skin health. It is also used as common home remedy in cleansing skin used in various face and body packs. The nutritional value of the cabbage had undergone various researches and studies. The nutrient value of cabbage is published in the USDA nutrient data base.
According to USDA it has lowest calorie content of 25g per 100 g. It has sugars, dietary fibers, protein and low fat content. It is enriched with vitamins including thiamine or vitamin B1, riboflavin or vitamin B2, niacin or vitamin B3, pantothenic acid or vitamin B5, vitamin B6, folate or vitamin B9, vitamin C, D, E and K. It has high mineral content with calcium, iron, magnesium, manganese, phosphorous, potassium, sodium, Zinc and fluoride content. It also contains high level of beta carotene.
Apart from the culinary uses it was used as a cure for many ailments in the ancient period onwards particularly used by the gypsies in curing different ailments. Many modern studies have proved that it has antioxidant, “indole -3- carbonile that act as a good detoxifier in liver functions. The vitamin C, K and D acts as good anti ageing agents that promotes good skin health by improving skin texture and complexion. It is used in preventing minor skin rashes, eczema, acnes, insect bites and ulcers. The dietary fiber promotes intestinal health, prevents constipation and improves digestion. The anti oxidants and phyto nutrients prevents free radicals and reduces oxidation stress and prevents colon cancers. It rejuvenates the skin tissues and the potassium purifies the internal organs and also purifies the outer skin. Many skincare and cosmetic products has cabbage as the man ingredient for cleansing and nourishing. Raw cabbage juice contains sulphur that stimulates hair growth. The low fat reduces cholesterol and obesity and it is a favorite ingredient in the diet of health conscious people. The regular intake prevents several diseases and enhances the health by promoting proper external and internal body functions.