Broccoli: Health Benefits and Nutritional Values

Broccoli – The Crucieferous Vegetable With All Vital Nutrients Essential For Good Health.

 Nature has variety of food in store that sustains life on earth. Fruits and vegetables are the prominent forms of foods communed by large number of people in the world. Many parts of the plants are also termed as vegetables. The roots, stem, leaves of the plants are also classified as vegetables. Among the vegetables cruciferous or the flowers of the certain plants are also known as vegetables. Broccoli is a cruciferous vegetable that is known for its rich nutrient content. This edible dark green flower is included in the cabbage family. It is classified in the genus Brassica oleracea. The stalk is also equally edible like the flower portion. The origin of the broccoli is traced back centuries back and any historical evidences show that broccoli originated in Italy more than 2000 years ago. The reminiscence of cultivation of broccoli in the early 6th century was found in the northern Mediterranean region. It was introduced in England in the middle of 18th century. Broccoli contains multiple phytonutrients that promotes good health and controls various ailments. It is used in several culinary preparations in various forms. They are mostly used in salads in boiled and raw form. Other methods of preparation include steaming, stir frying and baking. It is also cooked with pulses, spices, meat, poultry and seafood. Broccoli is and ideal food that promotes the growth of children by enhancing body functions.

The nutrient level of broccoli is one of the important and most popular topics that had undergone several researches and studies. Several vital nutrient contents is found in various researches and according to the nutrient data base of USDA broccoli has the low calorie content of 34 calories per 100g. It has high water content of 89.3g per 100g. Apart from this it is enriched with high dietary fiber, sugars, protein and low fat. It contains all vitamin B complex compounds including vitamin A or equalent beta carotene, thiamine or vitamin B1, riboflavin or vitamin B2, niacin or vitamin B3, pantothenic acid or vitamin B5, vitamin B6, folate or vitamin B9, vitamin C, E and K. The mineral content include calcium, iron, magnesium, manganese, phosphorous, potassium and zinc. It is also enriched with antioxidants and phyto nutrients. The anti oxidants lutein and zeaxanthin is abundantly available in broccoli.  The presence of all the essential nutrients promotes good health and act as a prevention method against many grave diseases and great for good skin and hair health.

 The low fat content and low calories helps to reduce the body weight and fat reduction and reduces the cholesterol level in blood. The antioxidants and phytochemical prevents the free radical formation and reduces oxidation stress and there by prevents different types of cancers like breast, colon and lung cancer. All the essential vitamins and antioxidants gives anti ageing properties and beneficial for good skin texture and complexion. The protein content promotes the hair growth. The combined form of nutrients improves blood circulation and the high dietary fiber content promotes intestinal health and gives proper digestion and prevents constipation. It enhances all the internal body functions. The vitamin C content eliminates all body toxins by eliminating the free radicals that are the main causes for all serious ailments. It also improves the immune system. The abundance of vitamin A and beta carotene promotes good eye health by improving the vision.

Sulfarophane is a compound found in broccoli that prevents sunburns and inflammation from the UV rays of the sun. The iron prevents anemia and the folate prevents nuero deficiency of the infants if it’s regularly taken by pregnant woman. The calcium, zinc, magnesium and phosphorous increase the bone density and maintains bone health. The carotenoid lutein reduces the thickness of blood flow in the arteries and maintains cardio vascular health. The inclusion of broccoli in the regular diet prevents several ailments and promotes good health condition.